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Thursday, October 30, 2014

“Now it has just been announced by the public crier that on Tuesday, July 13 th , every Armenian without exception , must go.

“If it were simply a matter of being obliged to leave here to go somewhere else it would not be so bad, but everyone knows it is a case of going to one's death.”

Davis, Leslie A., Consul. Letter to Henry Morgenthau, Honorable. 11 July 1915. United States Official Records on the Armenian Genocide: 1915-1917. Reading, England: Taderon Press, 2004. 172.

“That the order is officially and nominally to exile the Armenians from these Vilayets may mislead the world for a time, but the measure is nothing but a massacre of the most atrocious nature. It would be that even if all the people had been allowed to perish on the road.”

Davis, Leslie A., Consul. Letter to Henry Morgenthau, Honorable. 24 July 1915. United States Official Records on the Armenian Genocide: 1915-1917. Reading, England: Taderon Press, 2004. 462.

“Everywhere it is the same Governmental barbarism which aims at the synthetic annihilation through starvation of the survivors of the Armenian nation in Turkey, everywhere the same bestial inhumanity… all along the Euphrates from Meskene to Der-i-Zor.”

Bernau, A. Letter to Jesse B. Jackson, Consul. 10 Sept. 1916. Letter 754 of United States Official Records on the Armenian Genocide: 1915-1917 . Reading, England: Taderon Press, 2004. 557.

“It is estimated that there were originally 24,000 Armenians in Aintab, 35,000 in Marash, 14,000 in Ourfa, 2,000 in Alexandretta, and 1,200 in Biredjik. Of these about 12,000 remained in Aintab, and 14,000 in Marash, the balance being driven off into the Mesopotamian desert with the exception of about 5,000 who, through bribery of the accompanying gendarmes were enabled to escape and found their way to Aleppo.”

Jackson, J. B., Consul. "Armenian Atrocities." 4 Mar. 1918. United States Official Record on the Armenian Genocide: 1915-1917. Reading, England: Taderon Press, 2004. 586.

“Any doubt that may have been expressed in previous reports as to the Government’s intentions in sending away the Armenians have been removed and any hope that may have been expressed as to the possibility of some of them surviving have been destroyed. It has been no secret that the plan was to destroy the Armenian race as a race…”

Consul Leslie Davis to Ambassador Henry Morgenthau, Harpoot, 24 July 1915. United States Official Records on the Armenian Genocide 1915-1917, pp. 461, doc. NA/RG59/867.4016/269

"Deportation of and excesses against peaceful Armenians is increasing and from harrowing reports of eye witnesses it appears that a campaign of race extermination is in progress under a pretext of reprisal against rebellion.

"Protests as well as threats are unavailing and probably incite the Ottoman government to more drastic measures as they are determined to disclaim responsibility for their absolute disregard of Capitulations and I believe nothing short of actual force which obviously United States are not in a position to exert would adequately meet the situation. Suggest you inform belligerent nations and mission boards of this."

Confidential telegram, Ambassador Morgenthau to Secretary of State, Constantinople, 16 July 1915, United States Official records on the Armenian Genocide 1915-1917, pp. 55, document NA/RG59/867.4016/76

"I argued in all sorts of ways with him but he said that there was no use, that they had already disposed of three quarters of them, that there were none left in Bitlis, Van, Erzeroum, and that the hatred was so intense now that they have to finish it. I spoke to him about the commercial losses and he said they did not care, that they had figured it out and knew it would not exceed for the banks etc. five million pounds. He said they want to treat the Armenians like we treat the negroes. I think he meant like the Indians. I asked him to make exceptions in some few cases which he promised to do."

Henry Morgenthau's report of his conversation with Talaat Pasha.dated 8 August 1915. United States Diplomacy on the Bosphorus: The Diaries of Ambassador Morgenthau 1913-1916, p. 298.

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